Japan has one of the highest total numbers as well as density of hospitals in the world. In Japan, the term “hospitals” generally refers to health care facilities with more than 20 beds for patient admissions.
Most Japanese citizens have public health insurance which covers a minimum of 70 percent of medical costs. Citizens pay between 10 and 30 percent of the medical fees depending on their income with the government subsidizing the remaining costs for low-income households.
Hospitals in Japan fundamentally operate as non-profit organizations and are normally owned and managed by physicians. The Japanese government oversees and strictly regulates medical fees to keep treatments affordable for the public.
Non-profit doesn’t mean no income (or profit). It just means all available monies are returned to the institution for infrastructure, operating expenses, salaries, improvements, equipment and facilities, not skimmed off to pay ever-increasing shareholder premiums while the hospital infrastructure is nickel and dimed into obsolescence to pay those shareholders.